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Pearl Glossary

Shoppers often have questions regarding the type of pearls we sell and the quality of our pearls. To better inform the shopper we have written this guide detailing the different types of pearls in the marketplace today as well as tips on caring for pearls and different pearl lengths.

Q. What are cultured pearls?

A. To simply put it, cultured pearls are natural pearls, but with a little help from man. In nature pearls are formed when a foreign object, such as a parasite or piece of sand lodges itself in the oyster’s soft inner body where it cannot be expelled. With cultured pearls, highly skilled technicians open the live pearl oysters carefully, then surgically implant a small polished shell bead and a piece of mantle tissue in the oyster.

In an effort to ease this irritant, the oyster’s body takes defensive action. The oyster begins to secrete a smooth, hard crystalline substance around the irritant in order to protect itself. This substance is called nacre.

As long as the irritant remains within its body, the oyster will continue to secrete nacre around the irritant, layer upon layer. After a few years, the irritant will be totally encased by the silky crystalline coatings. The result — the lovely and lustrous gem called a pearl.

Q. What are the different types of pearls?

A. Freshwater: This is primarily the type of pearl we sell. Freshwater cultured pearls come from freshwater mussels produced in China, Japan, and the United States. They have greatly improved in quality over the last decade and provide the best value for the consumer. Peacock pearls are a type of freshwater cultured pearl. They refer to the freshwater black pearls with hues of blues, grays, purples, greens and silver.

Tahitian: Tahitian cultured pearls are grown in a variety of large pearl oysters found primarily in French Polynesia. Their beautiful, unique colors (which can range from light gray to black, and green to purple) and large size can command very high prices.

Akoya: Akoya pearls are the classic cultured pearls of Japan and are also known as saltwater cultured pearls. They are the most lustrous of all pearls found anywhere in the world. In recent years, China has been successful in producing Akoya pearls within their own waters. However, Akoya pearls are still the most difficult to grow.

South Sea: White South Sea cultured pearls are grown in large tropical or semi-tropical oysters in Australia, Myanmar, Indonesia and other Pacific countries. They generally range in size from 10mm to 20mm and command premium prices because of their relative rarity and large size.

Frequently Asked Q's

Q. What are the different pearl necklace lengths?

A. Choker: 14" to 16" in length. A pearl choker is perhaps the most classic and yet versatile of all the single strand lengths. A simple pearl choker can go with virtually any outfit from casual to fancy eveningwear, and just about any neckline imaginable.

Princess: 17" to 19" in length. The princess length necklace is best suited for crew and high necklines. It also complements low plunging necklines.

Matinee: 20" to 24" in length. Longer than the choker, and just a bit shorter than an opera length, the matinee necklace is the right choice for casual or business dressing.

Opera: 28" to 34" in length. The opera necklace is the queen of all the lengths. When worn as a single strand, it is refined and perfect for high or crew necklines. When doubled upon itself, it serves as a versatile two-strand choker.

Rope: over 45" in length.


A: The 24" strand is good for business suits. The 32" strand can be worn straight or doubled up. The 18" necklace is also good because it is an all-purpose length that works well with jeans as well as an evening dress. Triple strand pearls compliment Chanel style suits and a nice finishing touch to most evening wear.

Princess: At 17-19 inches, the princess-length pearl necklace makes a perfect chain for a pendant or pearl enhancer. It looks great with crew neck tops, and works beautifully for both high necklines and daringly low ones.

Matinee: This mid-length pearl necklace, at 20-24 inches, is great with a business suit or a dress. It's not as formal as an opera-length strand or as short as a choker, but is still perfect on its own.

Opera: Perfect for a night at the opera or any other dress-up occasion, the opera pearl strand is 28-34 inches in length. As a single strand, it looks wonderful with high or crew necklines, but you can also double it on itself and turn it into a highly versatile, shorter length.

Rope: At over 45 inches long, the rope pearl is very luxurious--and highly sexy! You can have clasps along the length to help you break it down into shorter necklace and bracelet combinations but, on its own, it's breathtaking.

Frequently Asked Q's

Q. How do I care for my pearl jewelry?

Don't toss them carelessly into a purse or jewel box where they can become scratched by hard metal edges or harder stones. Don't expose them to acid-based hair sprays, cosmetics, or perfumes. Don't clean them with chemicals or abrasives. Treat pearls gently. Place them in a chamois bag or wrap them in tissue when putting them away. Put on pearls after applying cosmetics, hair sprays and perfume. Wash your pearls with mild soap and water after taking them off. This will remove all traces of perfume, cosmetics or hair spray from the pearls. If you wear your pearl jewelry once a week or more take them to a jeweler for restringing once a year. Cosmetics and ordinary wear can weaken and stretch the nylon threads on which the pearls are strung.


A: The luster is the reflectivity of a pearl and it's a function of the fineness and regularity of the layers deposited around the nucleus. It makes the pearl more attractive and flattering. Color is also very important, but it varies by demand. In the United States the white rose color is preferred; in Europe ivory is preferred; and in Japan the preference is silvery white.


A: Pearls should be re-strung once a year if the person wears them against the skin. If they are worn often, 6 months is not unreasonable. You should re-string when pearls become loose and spacing is visible. If pearls become loose, the string will enlarge the hole and the pearls won't be straight anymore. Pearls should be strung on silk, not nylon.


A: Americans generally prefer rose but women should select pearls according to their own skin color. Rose' generally looks best on fair skin. Cream colored pearls look best on olive skin. Black and silver colored pearls complement most skin colors.


A: Cultured pearls are real pearls that are formed naturally by a mollusk with assistance from man. A shell bead is inserted into the mollusk to act as a seed. The mollusks are then put back in the water and watched carefully on the farm. Non-nucleated pearls are extremely rare and expensive. Keshi pearls and freshwater pearls are a great alternative for those who want all natural pearls.

Pearl Glossary

Shoppers often have questions regarding the type of pearls we sell and the quality of our pearls. To better inform the shopper we have written this guide detailing the different types of pearls in the marketplace today as well as tips on caring for pearls and different pearl lengths.

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