Know Everything About The Emperors and Their Furniture
periods saw different the introduction and use of different styles.
They are unique and different in their own ways.
period reign of King William and Mary is owed with the creation of
problem for the twentieth-century collectors in trying to distinguish
some of the Dutch
furniture from English. Queen Anne is always associated with
walnut furniture and some of the finest surviving pieces date from
her time. Thomas Chippendale, a cabinet-maker collected many styles
long before the superior working qualities of mahogany
led to new designs.
This was a
period that saw the arrival of large numbers of Dutch workers, who
came over from Holland, with King William III, who was also Prince of
Orange. Having been born and brought up in Holland, it is not
unexpected that both he and his Queen (daughter of James II of
England) should be fonder of the productions of that country than
those of England.
monarchs is owed the creation of a problem for twentieth-century
collectors in trying to distinguish some of the Dutch furniture from
English. Also, as the reign was only a short one, it is not easy to
tell William and Mary furniture from Queen Anne; pieces with showy
decoration are usually said to have been made before 1700.
and chests often had a plain turned ball-shaped foot (replaced
in more recent times by a bracket foot of later design) and turned
legs favored the inverted cup. Stretchers (cross-pieces connecting
the legs of chairs and tables) were of a 'wavy' shape and usually had
a turned pointed knob (finial) where the two pieces crossed over.
Queen Anne (1702-1714)
furniture is always associated with the name of this Queen, and some
of the finest surviving pieces date from her time. Marquetry
was seldom used, and every effort was made to show off" the
grain of walnut
veneers to the best advantage on pieces of simple outline.
Lacquer remained popular. The cabriole leg was the most important
introduction, and was often carved with a shell on the fat curved
knee. Mirrors were more plentiful and of smaller size, and upholstery
with both silks and needlework became general.
Early Georgian (1714-1730/40)
similar to that of Queen Anne's reign was made. At the same time,
gilding became popular and was used for mirror-frames,
and even chairs. The Kent or Palladian style was fashionable,
and this showed architectural features (Wm. Kent, whose name is given
to the style, was a prominent architect) such as the broken pediment,
and a frequent use of marble
tops for tables.
introduction of mahogany followed a brief period in which red walnut
(from Virginia) replaced the familiar French walnut.
mahogany was used in the same styles as walnut pieces had followed,
but before long the superior working qualities of mahogany led to new
designs. Many different styles were collected and adapted by Thomas
Chippendale, a cabinet-maker,
who published them in his book, The Director, in 1754. Thus almost
all furniture made between about 1750 and 1780 is known today,
conveniently, as 'Chippendale', French 'Chippendale' features curved
outlines, and particularly the cabriole leg with an outwardly curling toe.
'Chippendale' shows the arch with a pointed top (lancet-shaped), as a
part of the design for doors
of bookcases, in the form of piercing for the
backs of chairs, and in fretting on legs.
'Chippendale' uses Chinese pagodas, Chinese figures and birds and
other Far-Eastern forms. One or other can be found on all
pieces of furniture of this type, but the mirror-frame often has
period rulers and people have recorded their own unique styles and
designs. Their shapes, the curves and the use of veneer,
marquetry and lacquer, etc. the way they are molded and polished
also makes all the difference and they are unique in their styles.