What is the
difference between diamond engagement ring and diamond wedding rings? The
engagement ring is traditionally given by a man to a women to
symbolize the intent for marriage. It is usually presented when the
man proposes to the woman and is worn throughout the engagement.
Traditionally the engagement ring has a single diamond in it. This is
called the diamond solitaire. It is not uncommon to see people use a
variety of rings as symbols of their engagement. This faq deals
solely with the purchase of diamonds. Finally, the wedding ring is
traditionally a gold band with no seams. This continuity is supposed
to symbolize the eternal bond of marriage. Wedding rings are
presented to one and other at the wedding ceremony.
diamond in a diamond ring?
The diamond being the hardest substance on earth was valued as early
as the 15th century. The first diamond engagement ring was given in
1477 by Archduke Maximilian of Austria to Mary of Burgundy. The
wedding took place 24 hours later. In these times, diamonds were
uncut, so they were valued as a symbol of strength and protection,
not beauty. This is where the tradition began.
Why is the
wedding ring worn on the 4th finger? There
are two speculated reasons. The rings were actually worn on the
thumb in the 17th century, but the 4th finger was used during the
ceremony. Some feel that during a Christian wedding, the priest
arrives at the 4th finger after touching three fingers on the left
hand "In the Name of the Father...Son...and Holy Ghost...".
Others believe the Egyptian myth that the ring finger follows the
"vena amoris" or vein of love...which supposedly runs
directly to the heart.
buy a loose diamond or do I get a better deal buying finished diamond
depends on the store. When setting a diamond, it is common (and
sensible) to put any defects or "inclusions" under a prong.
The problem with buying the whole ring is that the stone cannot be
examined out of the setting. Most stores will not charge a setting
fee if both the stone and setting are purchased there. Buy the stone
loose if you can.
diamond shape is best for the ring? Personal
Preference; Desired Brilliance (round brilliant diamond has the
most); Diamond Weight (Fany diamonds look more elegant in large
sizes); How big you want it to look (Fancy diamonds tend to look
larger); Shape and Size of Hand (experiment to find what is most
flattering) and Diamond Color and Diamond Clarity (round brilliant
diamond hides defects and yellow tints best).
the greatest effect on price? In
terms of value, they would rank: Diamond Color; Diamond Clarity;
Diamond Cut/Proportion and Diamond Carat Weight.
the greatest effect on diamond beauty? Similarly:
Diamond Cut/Proportion; Diamond Color; Diamond Clarity and Diamond
What is a
GIA Certified Diamond? It
is a stone that has been examined and documented by the GIA. Diamond
is accompanied with a GIA certificate indicating the location of
inclusions, the color, clarity, carat weight and includes a note
about the cut.
FREQUENTLY USED TERMS:
of the flat "sides" of the diamond.
a brilliant cut (bc) stone...the top octagonal facet.
(typically) frosty white ring at the widest part.
bottom point (actually a facet) on a bc stone.
portion of the stone below the girdle. Diamond's Crown...The
portion of the stone above the girdle.
quality of the diamond that breaks reflected light into a colorful array. Diamond Brilliance...The
quality of the diamond that reflects light without changing it
(sometimes called sparkle). Diamond's Fluorescence...The
characteristic of some diamonds to fluoresce certain colors under
some light. Diamond Feather...A
jewelers way of saying "crack". Appears as a white feather
within the diamond.
rarely grade cut, it must not be important, right? Wrong.
Cut is the single most important factor in the appearance of the
stone. Poorly cut stones will appear dull or have dark spots. Well
cut stones will be brilliant and fiery if the stone quality is
reasonable. It is important to be able to judge cut.
What is an
ideal cut diamond? There
are three accepted sets of proportions which are considered ideal
cut stones. They are (all proportions are given as a proportion of
the girdle diameter): The
Tolkowsky or Standard American Ideal Cut Diamond: Diamond'sTable
Width: 53%; Diamond's Crown Height: 16.2% and Diamond's Overall
Height: 59.3% The Eppler
or European Cut:
Diamond's Table Width: 56%; Diamond's Crown Height: 14.4%; Diamond's
Overall Height: 57.7%
The first was
calculated in 1919 by Marcel Tolkowsky. It is supposed to give the
best balance between brilliance and fire. Essentially, the larger the
table, the greater the brilliance at the expense of fire. A generally
termed ideal cut will have a table percentage between 53% and 57% and
a depth or height of 58% to 60%. Expect to pay 15%-20% more for an
ideal cut stone. Avoid stones with table percentages above 70% or
depths over 64% or under 57%.
all diamonds cut to these specifications? Not
all can be. Less that 1% of all stones are considered ideal. The
main motivating factor behind this is money however. Ideal cut stones
result in a greater amount of waste. For this reason, all but the
finest cutters rarely perform these cuts to cut down on waste. There
are only three diamond cutters in the US that perform the Tolkowsky cut. Is there
any way to judge the cut of the diamond without making these
Well, you can tell if a stone is poorly cut by looking for the
following: A white circle resembling a donut in the face-up view of a
diamond. It occurs because the pavilion is too shallow and the girdle
is reflected out. Obvious dark spots/centers when viewed face-up.
These indicate that the pavilion was cut too deep. Extremely thick
girdles reduce the brilliance and make the stone look small for its
weight. Look for a girdle that is uneven in thickness (for reasons
other than geometry) around the stone. One good way to see how well a
stone is cut is to view it straight down on the table. The table and
the four corners form an "square shape". On well cut
stones, the sides of the square will bow in *slightly*. Sides that
bow out are less than ideal. The slight inward bowing may be tough to
detect, so consider a seemingly perfect square to be a decent cut.
Severely bowed in squares are also undesirable. What should
I look for in the workmanship of the diamond? Well,
first of all, if it is a brilliant cut, make sure it is round. Be
sure that the culet is not chipped or broken. The girdle should not
be too thick or its or too thin. The girdle should be straight, not
wavy from the sides. Be sure that the facets of the crown align with
the facets of the pavilion. Any misalignment will show itself in the
girdle. With a loupe of a scope look closely at the girdle. Stones
that are cut in a hurry will have small cracks that extend into the
stone, making it look fuzzy or "bearded". Don't confuse
this with the natural frosty color of the girdle. Sometimes If the
symmetry of the stone is off, or if it is damaged, extra facets may
be added. Be sure the table is parallel to the girdle and the culet
(as seen through the table) is on-center and undamaged.
diamond facets are there? On
a brilliant full-cut stone there are 58 facets; 32 facets plus the
table above the girdle and 24 facets plus the culet below the girdle.
Some with only 18 facets are referred to as "single cuts". DIAMONDS |
DIAMOND RING & SETTINGS: I've found
the diamond I want, but I don't like the ring...what should I do? The
ring really compliments the diamond. Make them change it. If they
are going to charge you, or won't change it, you probably want to do
business with a different store. Should I
buy a 4 or 6 prong ring setting for my brilliant cut diamond? This
depends on what you like. Smaller stones (<0.5 carat) are greatly
affected appearance-wise by the type of setting. Four prongs tend to
make make them look more square while 6 prongs cover more of the
stone. Six prongs will hold the stone more securely in the event that
one fails...and that does happen. How
important is the ring setting? Well,
like tires to a car, it is the most under-rated part of the whole
package. It is the only thing that hangs on to your investment. Cheap
settings are made of stamped yellow gold. The more expensive ones are
white gold, to die struck white gold and palladium all the way up to
platinum. Be sure to find out what the setting is made of and don't
be afraid to spend extra on the setting you want. How long is
a ring setting good for? It
depends on what you do and what the setting is made out of. It is
wise to have it inspected annually. Is my
diamond covered under my renter's/homeowner's insurance? You
should check, but probably not. Most policies will allow you to
"list" jewelery on a rider for that policy. The cost seems
to be about $1.75 per $100 of value. DIAMONDS |
only insured carriers (FedEx and UPS) to ship its packages, and all
shipments are insured for the full value of their contents. In the
unlikely situation that the contents of a package are lost or
damaged, Sndgems will provide a replacement or a full refund. Because
your purchase is insured from the time it leaves our office until the
moment it reaches your hands, statistically, it is safer to purchase
your diamond from Sndgems than to buy a diamond at a store and
transport it home yourself.
are absolutely clean are very much in demand and are therefore the
most expensive. View Details.
In its natural
state, a diamond's beauty is generally concealed. While nature
determines a diamond's color, clarity, and carat weight, the hand of
a master craftsman is needed to release its fire and beauty. View
sold by the carat (ct)-not to be confused with karat (kt), which
refers to gold quality in the Unites States. Once you've determined
what cut, color, and clarity grade you're looking for in a diamond,
it's easy to determine the carat weight of diamond that will fit
within your budget. View