gemmology is the science, art and profession of identifying and
evaluating gemstones. It is considered a geoscience and a branch of
mineralogy. Some jewelers are
academically trained gemologists and are qualified to identify and
post-graduate training and experience they can qualify as appraisers
(valuers). There are numerous professional schools and associations
of gemologists and certification programs all over the world.
gemologists specialize in various gemstones, such as diamonds
The laboratory gemologists are expert in identification of origin.
demand for gemological services has grown, as increasing quantities
of synthetic gems such as cubic zirconia and synthetic moissanite are
manufactured. Gemologists perform such work as the identification of
synthetic and natural gemstones,
fracture-filled gemstones, and color-enhanced or treated natural gemstones.